Minimal connections for KK2 Mini

KK Mini

Preamble

I could not find a simple guide for wiring up a KK Mini (also known as KK2 Mini). So, this is a quick note on the connections needed to be made, in order to use a KK Mini.

Note: The KK2 Mini is a miniaturised derivative of the KK Multicopter 2 (not the KK Multicopter v5.x – which is, in fact, an earlier version of the KK Multicopter 2 (aka KK2)).

Manual

This is the PDF for the KK 2.1, but it applies to the KK Mini as well: kk2-1-multi-rotor-control-board (original link).

Video

This is a great little video from Hobby King:

HK KK-Mini Multi-Rotor Flight Controller – HobbyKing Daily

Minimal setup

Here is a simple illustration of the bare minimum connections required for a quadcopter:

Minimal connections for KK2 Mini
Minimal connections for KK2 Mini

Do not do the following (with respect to the +5V and GND), as this reversed polarity will blow the microcontroller:

Incorrect power connections - these will destroy the flight controller
Incorrect power connections – these will destroy the flight controller

A brief description of the connections:

  • M1-M4 go to the ESC control inputs.
  • +5V and GND, on the right hand side, come from the ESCs, if they come with BECs, else they will need to be connected to a separate BEC, or regulator. Sometimes a Power Distribution Board (PDB) will come with a BEC built in.
    • The order, from left to right, looking at the top of the board, of the ESC connections are: GND, +5V, Signal.
  • The battery monitor comes directly from the LiPo battery positive terminal.
  • The CPPM/PPM, +5V and GND, on the left hand side, go to the RC receiver output. On a D4R-II, that would simply go to output #1 – with outputs #2 and #3 on the receiver being connected together, to enable CPPM/PPM
D4R-II enabled for PPM output
D4R-II enabled for PPM output

Important Note

Do not connect the +5V and GND for the BEC/PDB/Regulator in the reverse sense. Do not assume that the legend on the rear of the board refers to the ESC header pins – the GND and +VB1 markings refer to the solder pads above the markings, and are the reverse of the ESC connections:

Ignore these labels - they do not refer to the ESC connections (1-8) below
Ignore these labels – they do not refer to the ESC connections (1-8) below

The order, from left to right, looking at the top of the board, of the ESC connections are: GND, +5V, Signal.

This is confirmed by looking at a standard servo/ESC cable, which has the wires in the usual GND, 5V, Signal order:

Servo/ESC cable
Servo/ESC cable

Conversely, the order, from left to right, looking at the rear of the board, of the ESC connections are: Signal, +5V, GND:

Minimal connections for KK2 Mini (rear view)
Minimal connections for KK2 Mini (rear view)

Note relating to RC receiver

If the polarity of the power supply is, incorrectly, reversed, at the ESC coonections on the right of the board, then -1.53V is output on the V+ output which goes to the receiver, which could potentially damage an RC receiver if one is connected whilst the reversed power supply is on.

I had a D4R-II connected to my KK Mini when the polarity of the Vcc and GND was reversed. However, I was fortunate that the D4R-II receiver was not damaged.

Other issues

A similar issue is that if you try to power the KK Mini using the ESC (with BEC) cable, but have the cable in reverse (i.e. orange-red-brown en lieu of brown-red-orange), then the KK Mini will not power on, because you have the signal wire connected to ground pin (GND) and ground wire connected to the signal pin.Fortunately, you are unlikely to damamge the flight controller as the 5V is not actually reverse polarity as the 5V wire is still connected to the 5V pin. You will only need to orient the ESC cable correctly and the KK Mini should power up.

See kk 2.1 board blank white screen help? : Multicopter – Reddit.

 

 

Advertisements

5 thoughts on “KK Mini”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s